Little Brickhill

This village is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The Norman name of the village was Bryhulle, which in time became Brickhull, and eventually Brickhill. There is no connection in the name with the manufacture of making bricks. In medieval times the village was connected with the making of encaustic tiles. In the grounds of the present Grange ancient flues and ovens were discovered. The works are attributed to the 13th and 14th centuries and are monastic, being the work of the brethren of the great Abbey at Woburn.

The church, St Mary Magdalen, dates from the days of Henry II in 1154. The nave was completed in the 12th century and the tower was built in the 15 th century. The Church Register begins in 1559, the 2nd year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.

In 1443 the village became the place for holding the Assizes which continued for nearly two centuries until 1638 — that is from the reign of Henry VI to that of Charles I. The traditional place where the Assize Court met is now Warren Farm. Although the conspirators of the Gunpowder Plot were not actually brought before the Brickhill Assizes, it was in this village on the 5th November, 1605, that Catesby and other conspirators were apprehended.

Prior to the coaching age there were five inns in this village — The Old Malting, King &c Queen, Shoulder of Mutton (now White Maples), King's Head and the Bull. These inns, however, did not exist in the coaching era when in the half mile of Little Brickhill there were 14 inns at the same time. These inns did a roaring trade. Passengers from London to Manchester and Birmingham in both directions spent the night here and this of course meant an army of ostlers, stable boys, shoeing smiths, and for the coaches themselves, wheelwrights and coach repairers. One of the largest of the coaching inns was the George, which was only demolished some twenty years ago. It was on the site of the present George Farm. Today there exists only the Green Man and the George 8c Dragon.
The main A5 trunk road splits the village in half.

Article written by members of the Buckinghamshire Federation of Women's Institutes for the publication "The Buckinghamshire Village Book" (1987) and reproduced here with their permission

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