Princes Risborough

Princes Risborough lies at the foot of the westward escarpment of the Chiltern Hills, in the Vale of Aylesbury. In 1086 it was called Ris(e)Berg, by 1130 altered to Risenberg, then Risebergh or Rysenberg, before the present day spelling. It is recorded that the manor of Princes Risborough was held by Earl Harold, who became the last Saxon King, killed at the Battle of Hastings. Edward III granted the manor to his son the Black Prince, rumoured as having a palace near St Mary's church, thus adding the 'Princes' to its name. Behind the church there still remains a small water-filled section of a moat. On the hillside beyond is the figure of the Whiteleaf Cross, cut into the turf and showing the chalk beneath.

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Memories of Princes Risborough

Princes Risborough was a small market town of four or five streets when I first came to visit my great aunt in the year 1895. My aunt's farmhouse was in the High Street, with the barns and fields behind, and is now a jeweller's shop and coal office downstairs with a dentist in the rooms above. The old barns are now used by an engineering firm. There was another farmhouse up on the opposite side of the street with their fields and buildings beyond, and still another farm called Town Farm round the corner off the Market Place.

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Notes on Princes Risborough

Description of Princes Risborough from J.J. Sheahan, 1861.

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Education Provision 1833

Princes Risborough Parish (Pop. 2,122)

Three Daily Schools, one contains 10 males and 20 females; one kept by a Baptist minister, 6 males; the other (commenced 1833), 24 males; all under instruction at the expense of their parents.

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Lacey Green - School

5  June 1874    Seven lace girls away all week (to finish off lace so that it was ready for collection, for which they would be paid)

10 July 1874    Two girls away all week making lace, both under eight years old.

24 July 1874    Eight children kept late until 4.30 for coming in late.

4 Sept 1874     Only five older children present in consequence of it being very wet morning, they will have gone wooding.

22 July 1881    Attendance poor the children being out in the fields.

12 Aug 1881    Attendance poor - harvest time.

1882              Throughout June most of children off school ill with scarlet fever

30 June 1882  School closed - teacher ill.

October 1882  Measles

December 1882 Scarlet Fever

December 1882 Several children off school - snow.

Jan 1883   Several children punished for not coming into school at the proper time, playing a game around the yard.

Sept & Oct 1883 Many children still helping with the harvest.

February 1884  Several girls absent - beading (fashon industry)

Until 1885 there was only one teacher for upto 65 pupils.

14 Oct 1885 John Widdicombe took charge of the school today. He was a Cert Master. Second Class. The only other member of the staff was Catherine M Claydon, a pupil teacher in her first year.

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