Church: St Mary with St John the Evangelist

Hundred: Aylesbury

Poor Law District: Aylesbury

Size (acres): 3302

Easting & Northing: 481213

Grid Ref SP810130 Click to see map


Names & Places

Aylesbury PARISH St Mary with St John the Evangelist
Dunsome NAMES name for Dunsham in 1826
Eilesbreia NAMES name for Aylesbury in Domesday Book in 1086
Christadelphian NON-CONFORMIST 15 Albert St, Tring Road. First Mentioned: 1880
Evangelical NON-CONFORMIST St Mary's Square. First Mentioned: 1874
General Baptist NON-CONFORMIST 40 Cambridge St. First Mentioned: 1733. Demolished in 1938
Independent NON-CONFORMIST Castle Street. First Mentioned: 1788. Used later by Weslyans, as Sunday school and as a social club
Independent/URC NON-CONFORMIST Hale Leys. First Mentioned: 1707. Built 1874
Methodist NON-CONFORMIST Buckingham Street. First Mentioned: 1817. Built 1882
Methodist NON-CONFORMIST Friarage Path. First Mentioned: 1837
Particular Baptist NON-CONFORMIST Walton Street. First Mentioned: 1828. Rebuilt 1895
Quaker NON-CONFORMIST Friends Meeting House Rickford Hill. First Mentioned: 1703
Aylesbury Union Workhouse PLACE workhouse in parish, Cnr of Bieton Rd & Tindall Rd
Buckinghamshire County Gaol PLACE prison in parish, South of Market Square
Dunsham (Fm) PLACE within the parish
Walton PLACE within the parish




These population figures are based on the Census results. The boundaries are those used in the particular census which may vary over time..

1801 3186
1811 3447
1821 4400
1831 5021
1841 5429
1851 6081
1861 6168
1871 6962
1881 7795
1891 8680
1901 9099
1911 11048
1921 12114
1931 13387
1941 N/A
1951 21050
1961 27923
1971 40569
1981 48722
1991 50740

There was no census in 1941.



Parish  Church  Register  Start
Aylesbury   St Mary   Baptisms   1565   1901   Yes,
click here
click here
click here
Aylesbury   St Mary   Marriages   1565   1901   Yes,
click here
click here
click here
Aylesbury   St Mary   Burials   1565   1901   Yes,
click here
click here
click here



These were extracted from our own records and presented as a guide.

PositionBefore 1700  18th Century  19th Century  Overall Surnames  


I was born in Aylesbury and lived in the town centre. My parents had a fruit and florist shop. In my younger days all shopkeepers lived on their premises.
Aylesbury was a lovely country town. I remember when the villagers brought their wares into the town for sale. It was one side of the cattle market which was the venue – under cover. It consisted of garden and dairy produce, milk, butter and newly laid eggs in abundance. Pets could also be bought, tame mice, puppies, kittens and rabbits particularly.
On the opposite side of the market were pens full of sheep, pigs and calves. Cows and bulls were also there. They went inside to be sold. The farmers all gathered round on stands and it was a treat if we could catch a sight of the auctioneer on his dais, high and lifted up. We never understood what he was saying. It was very noisy.

At the bottom of the market horses would be sold. Their owners would trot them through the arches by what was the Town Hall and past what is now the Civic Centre. That was a corn merchant's then.

The canal was an interesting place, too. At the Basin End was a coal yard. Barges were busy all the time and many goods were transported this way. Nestle had their own loading bay. Chocolate was the main product then, and cocoa. It was a lovely smell we had when we passed on our way to school. Many times I stood on the bridge and watched them loading. The barges were all very gay, and there would be a horse towing the barge along, as it walked along the tow-path.

Very few people had bathrooms. We used to go once a week to the public baths. Lashings of hot water and half an hour allowed for threepence. For sixpence you could have a towel and soap provided. This was after we were too big to have a tub in front of the fire. The fire brigade was housed next to the baths. It was always very exciting when the fire alarm sounded. The engine was horse drawn.
We used to love to rush up, and see if we could arrive before the firemen and see the horses harnessed up. Off they would go, clanging the bell. We followed as far as we could. I will never forget one fire which happened on my birthday. It was over a shoe shop. The smoke and the flames took a long time to control and sadly the proprietor's wife died in that fire. I didn't realise the severity at the time.

It was a special event when the fair came to town. There would be big roundabouts, and little roundabouts, and hoopla, and coconut shies. I loved the swinging boats. Another great feature was the rock they used to make. They had gaslights on their stalls to make the rock. After cooking, in some sort of cauldron, it had to be stretched over a hook and looped over again and again as it was pulled into shape. A brown substance was put on it, and as it was stretched it made a stripe. When cool enough shears cut it in bars. It smelled lovely and tasted lovely too.

Down Cambridge Street there was a gipsy encampment. The Fire Brigade now occupies that site. Their caravans were all very ornate and the people were colourful too. Many of them were quite illiterate, except for money. Many times they came to my mother to decipher letters.

Tramps were seen daily, traipsing up to the workhouse. They had a casual ward where they could stay overnight. I believe they had some chore to perform in the morning before they left. They were harmless enough. Sometimes they asked for their billycans to be filled with hot water.

Article written by members of the Buckinghamshire Federation of Women's Institutes for the publication "Buckinghamshire Within Living Memory" (1993) and reproduced here with their permission



Lies in the centre of Buckinghamshire, in a pleasant vale, abounding with very good corn and pasture land for feeding sheep and beef. Aylesbury was a strong town in the beginning of the Saxon times ; and was made a manor royal in the time of William the Conqueror, who parcelled it out under this odd tenure,- that the tenants would find litter or straw for the king's bed-chamber three times a year, if he came that way so often, and provide him three eels in winter and three green geese in summer.

Aylesbury is a borough-town, and sends two members to parliament. Its market-day on Saturday
here is brought plenty of corn and meat of all sorts exceeding good, likewise butter, eggs, and fowls in abundance. Here the quarter-sessions and Lent assizes are held. At the bottom of the market square stands the county gaol, a very slately fabric of brick:-here is neither justice of the peace nor mayor, therefore the head officers are constables. The parish contains about 700 dwelling
houses: the poor are numerous. Here are six fairs yearly, viz. the Friday after the 18th of January, Palm Saturday, the 8th of May, the 14th of June, the 25th of September, and the 12th of October, all for the sale of cattle.

There are several very good inns, the two chief are Mr. Sherriff's, the George, and Mr. Hicks's, the White Hart. The Aylesbury coaches set out from the George inn, every Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, morning at 7 o'clock.-No coach on Saturday goes up.-Sunday coach sets out from the George at 9 o'clock; and returns every night, Sunday excepted.- The Birmingham coaches stop at the White Hart going down every night, Saturday excepted, and stop every day coming up, Sunday excepted. The Banbury coaches stop at the Bull's Head, Aylesbury, coming up at 11 o'clock, and going down at one o'clock every day, Sunday excepted. Post hours from Aylesbury to London every night at 8 o'clock, Saturday excepted: every morning from London at 5 o'clock, Monday excepted. Stage waggons from Aylesbury; Wall and Co. every Wednesday and Saturday night at 8 o'clock; and return on Sunday and Wednesday mornings. Thorpe and White's Veale waggon from Aylesbury the winter season, Thursday night for London; the summer season on Friday morning, and returns every Monday morning. Ezra Eagle Buckingham carrier's waggons to London, stop at John Fletcher's, the Crown Inn, Aylesbury, every Wednesday and Saturday night; and return every Monday and Wednesday morning. Kirby's Bicester waggon stops at the Crown Inn Aylesbury every Thursday and Saturday night going to London; and returns every Monday and Wednesday morning. Hannah Eagle's Brackley, Northamptonshire, waggons stop at Thomas Perrin's, the Greyhound, Aylesbury, for London every Thursday morning and Saturday night; and return every Monday morning and Tuesday night. Stuchbury's Buckingham wagons stop at the Greyhound for London every Wednesday and Saturday night- and return every Monday and Wednesday morning. George Nelson's stage cart from Heath, Oxon, stops at Thomas Hodgkin's, the Red Lyon, Aylesbury' for London every Saturday night, and -returns every Tuesday night -

Here is no navigation. Aylesbury with Walton, have only one parish-church. All round this town is a large track of the richest land in England, extended for many miles almost from Tame, on the edge of Oxfordshire, to Leighton in Bedfordshire, and is called from this town, the Vale of Aylefbury. It is famous for fattening cattle and sheep, and they very frequently sell a ram here for breeding for ten pounds, Here they shew one remarkable inclosed field of pasture-ground, let for 1400d per annum to a grazier.

Near this place lies Chilton, famous for giving birth to that steady patriot the Lord Chief Justice Crook who strenuously opposed the arbitrary measures of levying ship-money without the authority of parliament.
The principal villages and noblemen and gentlemen's seats adjacent to Aylesbury are, Dinton 4 miles; here is a noted quarry for Stone, exceeding good for paving or building: near this place the late Sir John Vanhattelm of Dinton built a tower or small castle; this fabric has a fine prospect round the whole country: Wotton-under-wood, here stands a fine house, has been a great number of years possessed by the Grenville family, and is now the country feat of the Right Hon. Lord Grenville, youngest brother to the Marquis of Buckingham, 10 miles Waddesdon and Pitchcott each 5 miles; Quainton 7 miles; Oving, where is a gentleman's house inhabited by Richard Hopkins, Efq. 6 miles; Whitchurch in the road to Birmingham 5 miles; Hardwick 3 ; Weedon in the parish of Hardwick, here stands a new-built brick house Inhabited by John Terill Moren, Efq. 3 miles; Aston Abotts and Wingrave each 5 miles; Rowsham and Hulcott each 3 miles; Bierton and Broughton 1 mile; Aston Clinton 5 miles; Turret House near Tring, Herts, a new red brick-built house, stands on a high hill, inhabited by General Lake, M. P. for the borough of Ayleshury, 7 miles; Wendover, a market-town 5 miles; Princes Risborough, a market-town 7 miles; Ellsborough 5 miles; Stoke Mandeville a miles; Weston Turville 3 miles; Bishopstone 3 miles; Sedrope and Hartwell each 2 miles, here is a stately stone-built house, called Hartwell House, inhabited by Sir William Lee, Bart. Stone 3 miles; Eythrope, here stands a famous stone-buit house and fine canal river close by it, belonging to the Right Hon. the Earl of Chesterfield, 5 miles; Cuddington 6 miles; Lower Winchendon, here stands a house built with brick, with some new additions now making, the country seat of Scrope Bernard, Efq. M. P. for the borough of Aylesbury, 6 miles; Upper Winchendon, here formerly stood a famous house surrounded with a fine estate belonging to the Duke of Warton, whosc name will never be forgotten here:-the loss of that family was much lamented on account of their charity to the poor of the parishes adjoining; it now belongs to the Duke of Marlborough, 6 miles.

Extract from the Universal British Directory 1791


Aylesbury Borough and Parish, with Walton (Pop. 5,021)

One Infant School,(lately commenced), containing 43 children of both sexes, supported by subscription, aided by weekly payments of one penny from the parents of the children.

Ten Daily Schools:-

A Grammar School supported by endowments, contains 120 males, 20 of whom are instructed in the Greek and Latin languages ; the head master is allowed to take boarders, of whom he at present has 24
A British School,(re-commenced 1830), the average attendance in which is about 55 (males), the school­room and cottage for the master and mistress were purchased by subscription, and invested in trustees ; there is a debt of £60 on the building, and the master and mistress' emoluments are solely derived from the children's weekly payments;

There was, until lately, a British School for girls, but not succeeding, it was discontinued, and a few girls from it were admitted to the Infant School.

In the other eight Schools, about 220 children of both sexes are under instruction at the expense of their parents.

Five Sunday Schools, in two of which (commenced 1828), are 200 females; in
another (commenced 1830), are 100 males; these attend the Established Church. Another, appertaining to Calvinists (having a small lending Library), consists of 73 males and 87 females; the other to Wesleyan Methodists, of 66 males and 64 females; these Sunday Schools are all supported by voluntary contributions. In addition to the above, there are numerous small Schools wherein children are taught to make lace and to read.
Abstract of Education Returns 1833

Additional information