Cholesbury cum St Leonards

Introduction

Church: St Laurence

Hundred: Cottesloe

Poor Law District: Aylesbury

Size (acres): 178

Easting & Northing: 493207

Grid Ref SP930070 Click to see map

Names

Names & Places

NameTypeNote
Cholesbury PARISH St Laurence
Chollisbury NAMES name for Cholesbury in 1526
Baptist NON-CONFORMIST Buckland Common. First Mentioned: c1850

 

Names

Links

Victoria County History Victoria County History
Search The National Archives for Cholesbury Search The National Archives for Cholesbury
Buckinghamshire Remembers - St Laurence Buckinghamshire Remembers - St Laurence
Cholesbury & St Leonards Local history GroupHisto
Cholesbury & St Leonards Local history Group
Church Stained Glass Church Stained Glass

 

Photographs

Photographs in our Gallery Photographs in our Gallery

These links will take you to external websites which will open in a new browser window. Bucks FHS is not responsible for nor has any control over the content of these sites. If any of these links do not work please let us know. It would be helpful if you could say which parish you were viewing and the name of the link which is broken.

Population

Population

These population figures are based on the Census results. The boundaries are those used in the particular census which may vary over time..

Note  
1801 122
1811 114
1821 132
1831 127
1841 124
1851 113
1861 105
1871 109
1881 99
1891 95
1901 107
1911 107
1921 100
1931 115
1941 N/A
1951 921
1961 925
1971 1011
1981 950
1991 919

There was no census in 1941.

Records

Records

Parish  Church  Register  Start
Date  
End
Date  
Online
Search  
E-Mail
Search  
Publication  
Cholesbury   St Laurence   Baptisms   1575   1907   Yes,
click here
 
Yes,
click here
 
Yes,
click here
Cholesbury   St Laurence   Marriages   1576   1906   Yes,
click here
 
Yes,
click here
 
Yes,
click here
Cholesbury   St Laurence   Burials   1583   1906   Yes,
click here
 
Yes,
click here
 
Yes,
click here

 

Surnames

Surnames

These were extracted from our own records and presented as a guide.

PositionBefore 1700  18th Century  19th Century  Overall Surnames  
1 WILKINS COCK BISHOP COCK
2 PUTNAM GURNEY BROWN WRIGHT
3 WRIGHT CARPENTER WRIGHT BRACKLEY
4 BIRCH BRACKLEY THORN GURNEY
5 DARLEY NORRIS GOMM BROWN
6 WARD CULVERHOUSE SILLS BISHOP
7 TOMLINS GEARY BRACKLEY NORRIS
8 NORRIS BATCHELDOR BATCHELOR THORN
9 HOLYMAN DAVIS GURNEY CARPENTER
10 COCKE DELL KEEN SILLS

 

Description

Description of Cholesbury from Sheahan, 1861.

The small parish of Cholesbury forms part of a narrow strip of land lying between the hundred of Aylesbury and Hertfordshire. In 1858 it was attached to the hundred of Burnham. Its area is only 176 acres; population, 105; rateable value, £304. The village is small, and situated 4 miles N.W. of Chesham, 3 S. of Tring, and 5 W. from Berkhamstead. The dwellings are dispersed over an unenclosed common of 44 acres. Cholesbury was formerly a hamlet of Drayton Beauchamp.

Notes

A group of four villages comprising Hawridge, Cholesbury, Buckland Common and St Leonards are known as the Hilltop Villages, because they range along the north edge of the Chiltern Hills.

This is designated an area of outstanding natural beauty, and the many beautiful beech woods, planted to supply the chair industry of High Wycombe and brush making in Chesham were used to support the local craft of 'bodging'. Brick making was the other industry, and Matthews still produce hand made bricks. Most of the clay pits have been filled in, as grazing land is in demand for the newest local industry of horse riding. New, timber stable buildings  and arena for schooling horses are becoming quite a feature of the landscape.

Village life was different in pre-Second World War times. A resident remembers when she lived in a two room cottage on Hawridge Common. Every Saturday she walked to Chesham to do errands. Later she cycled to work, as a housemaid and even today some people cycle daily down to Chesham. A bus service started in the 1930s and we still have a limited service, used by the few who have no car. Walking is now a leisure activity, the motor car a necessity. Today all shopping has to be done in the local towns, our post offices and village shops have closed, and tradesmen no longer call, but one feature of village life survives. We have at least fifteen clubs and societies covering a wide range of interests from the Vale of Aylesbury Hunt Pony Club, to football, cricket and seniors clubs.  Our best natural feature a large common is kept cleared by the Commons Preservation Society

Article written by members of the Buckinghamshire Federation of Women's Institutes for the publication "The Buckinghamshire Village Book" (1987) and reproduced here with their permission

Education

Cholesbury Parish (Pop. 127)

No School in the parish.

ABSTRACT OF EDUCATION RETURNS, 1833.